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中国人权研究会9日发表《严重歧视与残酷对待移民充分暴露“美式人权”的伪善》文章。全文如下:



The China Society for Human Rights Studies on Thursday released an article titled "Serious Discrimination Against and Cruel Treatment of Immigrants Fully Expose Hypocrisy of 'US-Style Human Rights'." Following is the full text of the article:


严重歧视与残酷对待移民充分暴露“美式人权”的伪善 

中国人权研究会 

2020年7月



Serious Discrimination Against and Cruel Treatment of Immigrants Fully Expose Hypocrisy of "US-Style Human Rights" 

The China Society for Human Rights Studies (CSHRS) 

July 2020 


美国是一个主要由外来移民及其后代组成的国家。然而,从历史到今天,美国针对移民的宗教偏见、文化歧视、种族排斥亦如影随形,且呈愈演愈烈之势。为美国做出巨大贡献的移民被视作威胁其政治制度、给国家财政和福利造成负担的外来者,成为被排斥与迫害的牺牲品。自2017年7月以来,美国移民当局违反国际人权法及国际人道主义,在南部边境地区强行将5400多名儿童与身为难民或非法移民的父母分开关押,造成骨肉分离,多名儿童在拘押期间死亡。2019年,总共有85万移民在美国南部边境地区遭到逮捕,他们大多遭受粗暴对待,人权遭到肆意践踏。2020年新冠肺炎疫情暴发以来,美国政府应对疫情不力使之沦为世界上疫情最严重的国家,美国关押移民的拘留场所成为新冠病毒传播的“重灾区”,美国政府还在疫情蔓延之际强行遣返大批非法移民,加重了中美洲国家的疫情风险。美国政府侵犯移民权利特别是移民儿童权利的政策在美国国内和国际社会遭到强烈批评和谴责。



The United States is a nation mainly composed of immigrants and their descendants. Unfortunately, as time has gone by, the religious, cultural, and racial discrimination against immigrants has kept developing and become increasingly intense. Immigrants who have made a huge contribution to the United States come to be regarded as outsiders who threaten the US political system and burden the country's finances and welfare. Immigrants used to be and will continue to be the victims of exclusion and persecution. Since July 2017, in violation of international human rights laws and international humanitarianism, the US immigration authorities have forcibly separated more than 5,400 children from their parents who are refugees or illegal immigrants in the southern border area, causing the painful separation of families as well as many child deaths in custody. In 2019, a total of 850,000 immigrants were arrested in the southern border area of the United States. Most of them suffered rough, insulting treatment and their human rights were trampled on. Due to its government's ineffective anti-pandemic efforts, the United States has unfortunately seen itself become the most seriously-affected country during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, and its immigrant detention centers are the most severely-affected places in the country. Ignoring the risk of spreading the virus, the US government has even forcibly repatriated a large number of illegal immigrants, which has put the people in Central America at higher risk of contracting COVID-19. The US government's policies leading to the violation of the immigrants' rights, especially immigrant children's rights, have been strongly criticized and denounced both in the United States and in the international community.


一、美国极端排外的移民政策导致移民遭受严重歧视和残酷对待



1. Extremely Harsh Immigration Policies Have Caused Severe Discrimination against and Cruel Treatment of Immigrants in the United States


美国政府将非法移民视为抢夺其民众工作岗位、破坏其生活方式的祸源。为阻止移民流动和入境,美国政府采取了史无前例、极端的严厉措施和执法行动,包括过度使用武力、大规模实施逮捕、强制与家人分离、任意驱逐等,导致侵犯过境移民、难民人权和实施虐待的事件频繁发生。



The US government regards illegal immigrants as troublemakers who rob US citizens of their jobs and disrupt their lifestyle. To prevent them from entering and moving around the country, the US government has adopted unprecedentedly severe measures and law-enforcement actions, including excessive use of force, large-scale arrests, forced separation from family members, and arbitrary deportations. Violations of transit migrants' and refugees' human rights have occurred frequently.


美国政府暴力对待移民,在边境地区大规模地实施剥夺移民人身自由的逮捕与拘留。据统计,2019年前9个月,美国移民和海关执法局在西南部边境逮捕的入境移民数量高达687000多人,超过了此前5年每一年的人数。其中,包括64000名无父母或者其他亲属陪伴的移民儿童。仅2019年5月,美国就逮捕移民133000人,为2006年以来的单月最高值。《华盛顿邮报》网站2019年2月22日报道称,被美国移民和海关执法局逮捕与拘留的大多数移民并没有犯罪记录。



The US government has treated immigrants violently, and arrested and detained immigrants on a large scale in the border areas of the United States. According to statistics, during the first nine months of 2019, the number of immigrants arrested by the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) at the southwestern border of the United States reached as high as 687,000, exceeding the number of arrests in each of the previous five years. These 687,000 arrests included 64,000 immigrant minors who were unaccompanied by a parent or an immediate adult relative. In May 2019 alone, the United States arrested 133,000 immigrants, the highest monthly total of immigrant arrests since 2006. The website of The Washington Post reported on February 22, 2019, that most immigrants arrested and detained by the ICE had no criminal record. 


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